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Life Cycle Assessment and Beyond

Life Cycle Assessment and Beyond

Release Date: Each May

Lead Organisation: IBERS, Aberystwyth University

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is widely used to measure and verify the environmental impacts associated with developing biobased products. Limitations to LCA mean that it may not reflect the true life-cycle of a product and new methodologies such as Complex Value Optimisation for Resource Recovery (CVORR) are being developed to allow a fuller picture to be formed. This module is designed to provide a detailed knowledge and understanding of LCA and an insight into CVORR and Environmental Product Declarations (EPD) for professionals concerned with assessing the sustainability credentials of a biobased product or waste.


The course will consist of a series of lectures and guided learning focused on:

List of Units


to the breadth and scope of LCA

The Global Carbon Cycle

The key components of the global carbon cycle and greenhouse gas fluxes associated with a biobased product

Components of LCA

The importance of feedstock choice, conversion process, transport and energy consumption, and end of life disposal options, with a focus on fluxes of CH4 and N2O as well as CO2 along with economic, social and technical metrics.

LCA Protocols

The range of international protocols for performing LCA and the challenge of determining appropriate emissions factors will also be reviewed.

Driving policy

How LCA can steer policy

Environmental Product Declarations

A look at the use and development of EPDs

Complex Value Optimisation for Resource Recovery

CVORR theory and framework

Other Key Ecosystem Services

The assessment of other eco-service impacts e.g. regulation of water and air pollutants; impacts of land use change

Case Studies

A range of product case studies including biofuels and bioplastics.


Tutors Name
Dr Stephen Chapman
Dr Richard Kipling

Downloadable Resources

Download a copy of our brochure